Growing and cultivating cannabis can vary from a fun hobby to a serious business.
First of all, it is important to know the factors for growing cannabis outdoors. The Marijuana plant is highly adaptable to most conditions but can still be receptive to changes in climate especially when it gets extreme. Excessive watering of your plant can result in the growth of mold, especially during its flowering period. Too high temperatures can cause the plant to stop growing and too low temperatures can damage and kill the plants. Strong winds and intense raining may also cause damage to plants and reduce yield.
Apart from the weather factors, day lengths can also affect the plant’s growth. Day lengths can change and vary seasonally, and weather patterns vary in different areas as well, so it might be useful to consider using a climate zone map. This will allow you to anticipate multiple aspects of the climate. Utilization of resources and knowledge on how to grow other plants can also be helpful when applied to cultivate cannabis.
Benefits of growing Marijuana outdoors
Growing your Marijuana Plant outdoors can have its benefits. For one, the price of cultivating cannabis plants indoors can be pricier than growing it outdoors. Outdoor cultivation of cannabis does not require electrical equipment like LED lamps and fans. Growing your weed strains outdoors also makes for healthier plants. Cannabis, when grown outdoors can receive more daytime and access to natural air provides for the effective cultivation of plants that are resistant to pests and diseases. The buds of marijuana grown outdoors are also more potent and of greater yields. Healthier outdoor cannabis can produce up to three times more than those grown indoors. Lastly, growing Marijuana outdoors is fully natural, making it the equivalent of organic vegetables in the market, the produce everybody wants.
Growing Marijuana in Canada
Growing cannabis outdoors in Canada can pose one problem: The cold. In most northern countries, frost has been the biggest problem of cannabis cultivators. Frost can easily damage the young shoots of weed strains and can even affect the big plants resulting in lesser yields. Consequently, Northern regions have shorter growing seasons. But that does not mean that a good quality and quantity yield is not possible. Here are some tips on growing weed strains outdoors in Canada:
1. Choose the right strain
Choosing the right strain can make or break your cannabis garden. There are strains of cannabis that just cannot survive in the cold. Strains like Early Pearl, Early Girl, Lowrider, C99, Shiva Skunk, Northern Lights, and Chemo are strains that are adaptable and can survive the frost season. It is also best to select a strain with a flowering period of 9 weeks or less.
2. Keep the young plant inside
Growing a young marijuana plant shoot outdoors in the frost can result in a damaged and low-quality mature plant even if it is the right strain. It is better if you start growing them indoors before planting the weed plants outdoors. When you start growing them inside they can grow strong and ready for the cold climate outside.
3. Make sure you have a good cultivating site
Your location of growing can also impact your plant’s health in the colder climates. It is best to choose a location where the plant does not get direct sunlight in the morning so that it can be ready to withstand the below zero nights. A location near a water source can also help in controlling temperatures during the night.
Growing Outdoors Timeline
In preparation before planting cannabis, give yourself 4 weeks of preparation. Outdoors, a marijuana plant would grow from a seedling to its maturity (when you can harvest) in around eight weeks to five months depending on the strain. Seedlings can sprout in a day, so an application of seedlings can be done by day five. The vegetative stage of marijuana can take up to two months but can easily be controlled by the growers. Most strains only need a month before it starts a flowering period, and this can be manipulated using light. The flowering stage normally takes around sixteen weeks outdoors. In a timeline, growing Marijuana outdoors can be listed as follows:
Week 1-3: Beginning of flowering
Week 3-4: Formation of buds
Week 4-6: Puffing up of buds
Week 6-8: Maturity of buds and darkening of pistils.
Week 8 : onwards, your plant is ready for harvest
Growing Marijuana in the colder climates can be a little challenging, especially in the winter months. If you are hoping to grow your cannabis outdoors in a Northern Country, it will be crucial that you find the right strain to grow. It should also be kept in mind, that it would need a lot of care, attention, and protection during the frost season.